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Far from Equilibrium: An archaeology of energy, life and humanity

Far from Equilibrium: An archaeology of energy, life and humanity PDF Author: Michael J. Boyd
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789256062
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
Archaeology is in crisis. Spatial turns, material turns and the ontological turn have directed the discipline away from its hard-won battle to find humanity in the past. Meanwhile, popularised science, camouflaged as archaeology, produces shock headlines built on ancient DNA that reduce humanity’s most intriguing historical problems to two-dimensional caricatures. Today archaeology finds itself less able than ever to proclaim its relevance to the modern world. This volume foregrounds the relevance of the scholarship of John Barrett to this crisis. Twenty-four writers representing three generations of archaeologists scrutinise the current turmoil in the discipline and highlight the resolutions that may be found through Barrett’s analytical framework. Topics include archaeology and the senses, the continuing problem of the archaeological record, practice, discourse, and agency, reorienting archaeological field practice, the question of different expressions of human diversity, and material ecologies. Understanding archaeology as both a universal and highly specific discipline, case-studies range from the Aegean to Orkney, and encompass Anatolia, Korea, Romania, United Kingdom and the very nature of the Universe itself. This critical examination of John Barrett’s contribution to archaeology is simultaneously a response to his urgent call to arms to reorient archaeology in the service of humanity.

Far from Equilibrium: An archaeology of energy, life and humanity

Far from Equilibrium: An archaeology of energy, life and humanity PDF Author: Michael J. Boyd
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789256062
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

View

Book Description
Archaeology is in crisis. Spatial turns, material turns and the ontological turn have directed the discipline away from its hard-won battle to find humanity in the past. Meanwhile, popularised science, camouflaged as archaeology, produces shock headlines built on ancient DNA that reduce humanity’s most intriguing historical problems to two-dimensional caricatures. Today archaeology finds itself less able than ever to proclaim its relevance to the modern world. This volume foregrounds the relevance of the scholarship of John Barrett to this crisis. Twenty-four writers representing three generations of archaeologists scrutinise the current turmoil in the discipline and highlight the resolutions that may be found through Barrett’s analytical framework. Topics include archaeology and the senses, the continuing problem of the archaeological record, practice, discourse, and agency, reorienting archaeological field practice, the question of different expressions of human diversity, and material ecologies. Understanding archaeology as both a universal and highly specific discipline, case-studies range from the Aegean to Orkney, and encompass Anatolia, Korea, Romania, United Kingdom and the very nature of the Universe itself. This critical examination of John Barrett’s contribution to archaeology is simultaneously a response to his urgent call to arms to reorient archaeology in the service of humanity.

Maritime Archaeology on Dry Land

Maritime Archaeology on Dry Land PDF Author: Richard Bradley
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789258200
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 184

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Book Description
This book is about two islands off the coast of Continental Europe, the seas that surrounded them, and the ways in which they were used over a period of three thousand years. Instead of the usual emphasis on finds in the intertidal zone, it focuses on parts of Britain and Ireland where traces of the prehistoric shoreline survive above sea level. It explores a series of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites which were investigated in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and have been largely forgotten. These places were very different from the Iron Age ports and harbors studied in recent years. How can we identify these special sites, and what are the best ways of interpreting them? The book considers the evidence for travel by sea between the settlement of the earliest farmers and the long distance movement of metalwork. It emphasizes the distinctive archaeology of a series of coastal locations. Little of the information is familiar and some of the most useful evidence was recorded many years ago. It is supplemented by new studies of these places and the artifacts found there, as well as reconstructions of the prehistoric coastline. The book emphasizes the important role of 'enclosed estuaries', which were both sheltered harbors and special places where artifacts were introduced by sea. Other items were made there and exchanged with local communities. It considers the role played by these places in the wider pattern of settlement and their relationship to major monuments. The book describes how the character of coastal sites changed in parallel with developments in maritime technology and trade. The main emphasis is on Neolithic and Early Bronze Ages uses of the seashore, but the archaeology of the Middle and Later Bronze Age provides a source of comparison.

Monuments in the Making

Monuments in the Making PDF Author: Vicki Cummings
Publisher: Windgather Press
ISBN: 1911188445
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Dolmens are iconic international monumental constructions which represent the first megalithic architecture (after menhirs) in north-west Europe. These monuments are characterised by an enormous capstone balanced on top of smaller uprights. However, previous investigations of these extraordinary monuments have focussed on three main areas of debate. First, typology has been a dominant feature of discussion, particularly the position of dolmens in the ordering of chambered tombs. Second, attention has been placed not on how they were built but how they were used. Finally much debate has centred on their visual appearance (whether they were covered by mounds or cairns). This book provides a reappraisal of the ‘dolmen’ as an architectural entity and provides an alternative perspective on function. This is achieved through a re-theorising of the nature of megalithic architecture grounded in the results of a new research/fieldwork project covering Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia. It is argued that instead of understanding dolmen simply as chambered tombs these were multi-faceted monuments whose construction was as much to do with enchantment and captivation as it was with containing the dead. Consequently, the presence of human remains within dolmens is also critically evaluated and a new interpretation offered.

Theory and Explanation in Archaeology

Theory and Explanation in Archaeology PDF Author: Theoretical Archaeology Group (England). Conference
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Archaeology
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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New Dictionary of Scientific Biography

New Dictionary of Scientific Biography PDF Author: Noretta Koertge
Publisher: Scribner
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 594

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Book Description
Also available online as part of the Gale Virtual Reference Library under the title Complete dictionary of scientific biography.

Nature

Nature PDF Author: Sir Norman Lockyer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : en
Pages : 700

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Contemporary Archaeology

Contemporary Archaeology PDF Author: Mark P. Leone
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : America
Languages : en
Pages : 460

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Book Description
Intended as a guide or reader in graduate or advanced under­graduate courses and as a reference for professionals interested in the latest archaeological achievements, this significant compilation of articles dealing with the theoretical bases and substantive accomplishments of contem­porary archaeology provides the coherent theory and concrete results of recent developments in anthropological archaeology. The thirty-three con­tributions here brought together, most of them previously published but several of which were written especially for this volume, are divided into seven main sections and are linked together by Mr. Leone’s extensive commentary and discussion. A comprehensive bibliography provides uni­fying concepts of the work presented here and serves as a further guide to contemporary developments.

Notable Twentieth-century Scientists

Notable Twentieth-century Scientists PDF Author: Emily J. McMurray
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780810391840
Category : Engineers
Languages : en
Pages : 640

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Book Description
Alfabetisk ordnet opslagsværk over naturvidenskabsmænd og -kvinder fra hele verden; med angivelse af egne værker og værker om

Islands, Mounds and Atoms

Islands, Mounds and Atoms PDF Author: Thomas Michely
Publisher: Boom Koninklijke Uitgevers
ISBN: 9783540407287
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 313

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Book Description
Crystal growth far from thermodynamic equilibrium is nothing but homoepitaxy - thin film growth on a crystalline substrate of the same material. Because of the absence of misfit effects, homoepitaxy is an ideal playground to study growth kinetics in its pure form. Despite its conceptual simplicity, homoepitaxy gives rise to a wide range of patterns. This book explains the formation of such patterns in terms of elementary atomic processes, using the well-studied Pt/Pt(111) system as a reference point and a large number of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy images for visualization. Topics include surface diffusion, nucleation theory, island shapes, mound formation and coarsening, and layer-by-layer growth. A separate chapter is dedicated to describing the main experimental and theoretical methods. The text is aimed at physicists with an interest in growth kinetics, surface scientists, graduate students, and practitioners of thin film deposition.

Quantum Thermodynamics

Quantum Thermodynamics PDF Author: Jochen Gemmer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540229117
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 287

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Book Description
This extended tutorial essay views thermodynamics as an incomplete description of quantum systems with many degrees of freedom. The main goal is to show that the approach to equilibrium - with equilibrium characterized by maximum ignorance about the open system of interest - neither requires that many particles nor is it a precise way of partitioning relevant for the salient features of equilibrium and equilibration. Moreover it is indeed quantum effects that are at work in bringing about universal thermodynamic behaviour of modestly sized open systems. Von Neumann`s concept of entropy thus proves to be much more widely useful than something to be feared, and far beyond truly macroscopic systems in equilibrium.