Search results for: Dyslexia Rules

Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes PDF Download

Are you looking for read ebook online? Search for your book and save it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Download Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes PDF full book. Access full book title Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes by Pierluigi Zoccolotti. Download full books in PDF and EPUB format.

Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes

Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes PDF Author: Pierluigi Zoccolotti
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198642
Category : Dyslexia
Languages : en
Pages : 311

Get Book

Book Description
Understanding the mechanisms responsible for developmental dyslexia (DD) is a key challenge for researchers. A large literature, mostly concerned with learning to read in opaque orthographies, emphasizes phono-logical interpretations of the disturbance. Other approaches focused on the visual-per-ceptual aspects of orthographic coding. Recently, this perspective was supported by imaging data showing that individuals with DD have hypo-activation in occipito-temporal areas (a finding common to both transpar-ent and opaque orthographies). Nevertheless, it is difficult to infer causal relationships from activation data. Accommodating these findings within the cognitive architecture of reading processes is still an open issue. This is a general problem, which is present in much of the literature. For example, several studies investigating the perceptual and cognitive abilities that distinguish groups of children with and without DD failed to provide explicit links with the reading process. Thus, several areas of investigation (e.g., acoustic deficits or magnocellular deficiencies) have been plagued by replication failures. Furthermore, much research has neglected the possible contribution of comorbid symptoms. By contrast, it is now well established that developmental disorders present a large spectrum of homotopic and heterotopic co-morbidities that make causal interpretations problematic. This has led to the idea that the etiology of learning difficulties is multifactorial, thus challenging the traditional models of DD. Recent genetic studies provide information on the multiple risk factors that contribute to the genesis of the disturbance. Another critical issue in DD is that much of the research has been conducted in English-speaking individuals. However, English is a highly irregular orthography and doubts have been raised on the appropriateness of automatically extending interpretations based on English to other more regular orthographies. By contrast, important information can be gotten from systematic comparisons across languages. Thus, the distinction between regular and irregular orthographies is another potentially fruitful area of investigation. Overall, in spite of much research current interpretations seem unable to integrate all available findings. Some proposals focus on the cognitive description of the reading profile and explicitly ignore the distal causes of the disturbance. Others propose visual, acoustic or phonological mech-anisms but fail to link them to the pattern of reading impairment present in different children. The present Research Topic brings together studies based on different methodological approaches (i.e., behavioural studies examining cognitive and psycholinguistic factors, eye movement inves-tigations, biological markers, neuroimaging and genetic studies), involving dyslexic groups with and without comorbid symptoms, and in different orthographies (transparent and opaque) to identify the mechanisms underlying DD. The RT does not focus on a single model or theory of dyslexia but rather brings together different approaches and ideas which we feel are fruitful for a deeper understanding developmental dyslexia.

Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes

Understanding Developmental Dyslexia: Linking Perceptual and Cognitive Deficits to Reading Processes PDF Author: Pierluigi Zoccolotti
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198642
Category : Dyslexia
Languages : en
Pages : 311

View

Book Description
Understanding the mechanisms responsible for developmental dyslexia (DD) is a key challenge for researchers. A large literature, mostly concerned with learning to read in opaque orthographies, emphasizes phono-logical interpretations of the disturbance. Other approaches focused on the visual-per-ceptual aspects of orthographic coding. Recently, this perspective was supported by imaging data showing that individuals with DD have hypo-activation in occipito-temporal areas (a finding common to both transpar-ent and opaque orthographies). Nevertheless, it is difficult to infer causal relationships from activation data. Accommodating these findings within the cognitive architecture of reading processes is still an open issue. This is a general problem, which is present in much of the literature. For example, several studies investigating the perceptual and cognitive abilities that distinguish groups of children with and without DD failed to provide explicit links with the reading process. Thus, several areas of investigation (e.g., acoustic deficits or magnocellular deficiencies) have been plagued by replication failures. Furthermore, much research has neglected the possible contribution of comorbid symptoms. By contrast, it is now well established that developmental disorders present a large spectrum of homotopic and heterotopic co-morbidities that make causal interpretations problematic. This has led to the idea that the etiology of learning difficulties is multifactorial, thus challenging the traditional models of DD. Recent genetic studies provide information on the multiple risk factors that contribute to the genesis of the disturbance. Another critical issue in DD is that much of the research has been conducted in English-speaking individuals. However, English is a highly irregular orthography and doubts have been raised on the appropriateness of automatically extending interpretations based on English to other more regular orthographies. By contrast, important information can be gotten from systematic comparisons across languages. Thus, the distinction between regular and irregular orthographies is another potentially fruitful area of investigation. Overall, in spite of much research current interpretations seem unable to integrate all available findings. Some proposals focus on the cognitive description of the reading profile and explicitly ignore the distal causes of the disturbance. Others propose visual, acoustic or phonological mech-anisms but fail to link them to the pattern of reading impairment present in different children. The present Research Topic brings together studies based on different methodological approaches (i.e., behavioural studies examining cognitive and psycholinguistic factors, eye movement inves-tigations, biological markers, neuroimaging and genetic studies), involving dyslexic groups with and without comorbid symptoms, and in different orthographies (transparent and opaque) to identify the mechanisms underlying DD. The RT does not focus on a single model or theory of dyslexia but rather brings together different approaches and ideas which we feel are fruitful for a deeper understanding developmental dyslexia.

How to Detect and Manage Dyslexia

How to Detect and Manage Dyslexia PDF Author: Philomena Ott
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435104191
Category : Dyslexia
Languages : en
Pages : 420

View

Book Description
A reference book aimed at learning support co-ordinators, specialist and non-specialist teachers, and all others involved in helping students with dyslexia. The book includes: step-by-step explanation of the Special Needs Code of Practice legislation; help with teaching spelling and writing to dyslexic students; advice on study skills and preparation for GCSE examinations; information on the provision made by examination boards for dyslexic students; guidance on how technology can help the dyslexic learner; and help with identifying the early warning signs of dyslexia.

Teaching Children with Dyslexia

Teaching Children with Dyslexia PDF Author: Philomena Ott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134345909
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 320

View

Book Description
Teaching Children with Dyslexia is essential reading for any teacher, Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator or teaching assistant who wants an insider's account of what dealing successfully with dyslexia entails. Written by one of the most well-regarded practitioners in the field with over twenty-five years' experience, this book is packed full with photocopiable exercises, activities and recommendations for resources, tests, teaching methods, advice and suggestions for strategies and techniques that are instantly transferable to classroom environments. This essential teaching companion includes chapters on: how to spot dyslexia screening and assessment tests why it does not have to be hell to learn to spell strategies for success for reluctant writers meeting the challenge of dyslexia in adolescence. Written specifically to bolster teachers' confidence and empower them with the key to unlocking literacy problems in their most challenging pupils, this resource book should be on the shelf of every staff room.

Dyslexia Unravelled

Dyslexia Unravelled PDF Author: Rita Treacy
Publisher: Orpen Press
ISBN: 1786050269
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 172

View

Book Description
Does your child struggle to read or write? Do you suspect they have dyslexia, or have they recently been diagnosed with dyslexia? Are you wondering where do you go from here? A diagnosis of dyslexia can be both a relief and a frustration. From her unique perspective as a professional speech and language therapist who has classic dyslexia herself, Rita Treacy explores the complexity surrounding the identification and treatment of dyslexia. Clear, concise and direct, Dyslexia Unravelled addresses: What it’s like to be dyslexic – the humiliation of being differentIdentifying the early signs of dyslexia and how to identify, collect and present the information you will need in order to seek help for your childThe multidisciplinary assessment process and how to identify which services will be requiredThe differences between dyslexia and other reading/spelling disordersChoosing the correct intervention method to receive the best resultsThe dangers surrounding undiagnosed or untreated dyslexia and the serious emotional and behavioural side effectsSupports and technology for remediating literacy difficulties Aimed primarily at parents, Dyslexia Unravelled will also be of interest to teachers, psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, educationalists and anyone with a concern about or interest in understanding dyslexia.

The Study of Dyslexia

The Study of Dyslexia PDF Author: Martin Turner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306485346
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 289

View

Book Description
In long-ago 1999, the Dyslexia Institute and Plenum Press conceived a plan for two books which would gather the best of current knowledge and practice in dyslexia studies. This would benefit those—but not only those—many individuals who train with us, acquiring a postgraduate certificate and diploma with our higher education partner, the University of York. Since then, the century changed, the hinge of history creaked and Plenum was taken over by Kluwer Academic Publishers, but the first of the pair, Dyslexia in Practice, emerged quickly and on schedule (Townend and Turner, 2000). Written by staff and close associates of the Institute, its chapters were produced under close scrutiny and with the expedition of a command economy. To our delight, the book has seen a success which went beyond the dreams of its editors: it has been adopted by other courses similar to our own and is widely referred to. The same was never likely to be true of The Study of Dyslexia, which was envisaged as a theoretical companion volume written by authors and researchers of international repute. Nearly five years after the idea first took shape, this second volume now arrives to complete the enterprise, but it has been a very different project.

Parents on Dyslexia

Parents on Dyslexia PDF Author: Saskia van der Stoel
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 9781853590764
Category : Family & Relationships
Languages : en
Pages : 196

View

Book Description
Dyslexic people tell in their own words what it means to have reading and spelling problems. The problems are mapped out taking parents' and children's everyday experiences as the starting point. Questions covered include: What actualy is dyslexia? How can you recognize it early? Must your child go to a special school? What as a parent can you do about it? Each chapter includes supporting information and comments from specialists.

100 Ideas for Primary Teachers: Supporting Children with Dyslexia

100 Ideas for Primary Teachers: Supporting Children with Dyslexia PDF Author: Shannon Green
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408193701
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 184

View

Book Description
Making your lessons fun, engaging and effective for all learners, including those with dyslexia, can be challenging and you can soon run out of ideas. This book offers 100 practical, ready-to-use activities to help all primary teachers with their every day lesson planning. The tried-and-tested activities cover all the key areas of the primary curriculum, including maths, spelling and creative writing, plus a wide range of ideas for teachers on differentiation, memory strategies and planning for learning. This new book is essential for all primary teachers and SENCOs who want to ensure that they are continually providing for all children in their care. INCLUDES: Teaching tips Taking it further ideas Quotes from teachers and pupils Bonus ideas Online resources

The Gift of Dyslexia

The Gift of Dyslexia PDF Author: Ronald D. Davis
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780399522932
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 292

View

Book Description
Reveals how dyslexia can be related to high levels of intelligence, and offers a plan that anyone with dyslexia can use to conquer the common disability

Coping with Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and ADHD

Coping with Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and ADHD PDF Author: Catherine McBride
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351630989
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 10

View

Book Description
Coping with Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and ADHD: A Global Perspective uniquely incorporates dyslexia, dysgraphia, and ADHD into one volume, offering practical advice on how to manage each of these disorders. McBride combines a solid research base with interviews with specialists in learning disabilities, as well as parents, teachers, and students with personal knowledge of each difficulty from six continents. The innovative cross-cultural focus of the book is emphasized in the introduction, which is followed by one chapter each on the basics of each of these learning difficulties and another three chapters on their remediation. The book goes on to cover topics such as comorbidities across learning or other difficulties, learning of multiple languages, facilitating self-esteem, and enhancing reading comprehension and writing composition in the face of dyslexia, dysgraphia, and ADHD. Appendices with short, practical tips on learning, multi-media resources, and ways to test and train cognitive-linguistic skills are included as an additional resource. Coping with Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and ADHD: A Global Perspective is intended for practitioners, teachers, parents, and those with any or all of these learning difficulties. University or postgraduate students who wish to understand more about dyslexia, dysgraphia, and/or ADHD will also benefit from the clear analysis. With this book, the reader will not only come to understand the fundamental nature of these learning difficulties, but will also get to know the people whose lives are so deeply affected by them.

Dyslexia and Hyperlexia

Dyslexia and Hyperlexia PDF Author: P. G. Aaron
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400910657
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 324

View

Book Description
Even though I had been studying reading problems in children for a number of years as a means of understanding cognitive processes, I became deeply committed to the study of developmental dyslexia after my encounter with S. H. , a dyslexic college student. Until then, dyslexia to me remained an interesting phenomenon but somewhat removed from the mainstream of my research interests. The facts that, in spite of his superior IQ, S. H. could read no better than a child in the fifth grade and misspelled even common words such as was and here, however, took me by surprise and made me appreciate the intriguing and challenging nature of developmental dyslexia. This led to a series of studies of college students with reading disability, a group that is relatively unexplored. The general plan of these investigations was to study a small number of disabled readers at any given time, rather intensively. Even though this approach limits the generalizability of the research findings, it lays bare some of the most interesting facts about dyslexia which are obscured in large-scale statistical studies. These studies have now extended well over a decade and are still continuing. As soon as these studies were started, it became obvious that not all reading-disabled college students are alike and that disabled readers could be classified into three broad categories: those with poor decod ing skill, those with poor comprehension ability, and those with a combination of these two deficits.